Who Are The Targets?
People & Planet's Fossil Free Careers campaign takes aim at the oil, gas, and mining industry as a whole
Although people often think of the mining industry and the fossil fuel industry as separate, the terrible social and environmental costs of their operations are similar. Both industries are involved in the violent displacement of entire communities, and the poisoning of land, water and air in the surrounding area.
We should understand fossil fuel extraction as one part of a broader, global economic system of extraction and exploitation, called extractivism. As the pressure ramps up on the fossil fuel industry, mining giants are increasingly looking to dodge accountability and keep this unjust system of extractivism in place by shifting their operations, moving from mining coal to mining the raw materials required for renewable energy instead - known as ‘transition minerals’.
To tackle the system at its root, we are therefore targeting recruitment into the fossil fuel industry and the transition mineral mining industry, addressing the injustice of our energy system as a whole.
‘Transition minerals’, are the minerals that are vital to the technology of low-carbon energy systems, particularly extracting, storing and transmitting renewable energy. They include: Cobalt, Lithium, Nickel, Copper, Bauxite, Gold, Graphite, Iron, Silver, Tin, Tantalum, Tungsten, Zinc, and the 17 rare earth elements. Lithium, to take one example, is an essential component of electric vehicle batteries: if we were to simply replace the massive number of petrol-powered cars with electric ones, that would drive a huge spike in the demand for lithium.
20% of UK University Careers Departments already exclude some sectors from their services on ethical grounds. For example, Bournemouth University Careers Department has the following line in its Advertising Terms and Conditions: "We do NOT advertise: ...Positions placed on behalf of tobacco companies."
It would be simple for these universities to adopt a comparable Ethical Careers Policy which applies to 'oil, gas, and mining companies.' However, if further definition is required, we have developed a list of companies which should be excluded as part of such a policy.
Working with researchers and activists in the London Mining Network Just Transition Working Group, we have developed a list of the campaign targets, which are the precise companies that we are talking about when we say 'oil, gas, and mining companies.' This is a list of 250 of the most important players in extractivism.
The fossil fuel divestment movement has extensively used a list of top 200 fossil fuel reserves owners compiled by Fossil Free Indexes, known as the Carbon Underground 200. To this list of the top 200 fossil fuel companies, we have added the top 50 transition mineral mining companies. Together, this list of 250 companies covers the key players in the extractive industries.
To build this list of the top 50 transition mineral mining companies, available below, we identified the 50 largest, publicly-traded transition mineral mining companies which are implicated in an active case on Environmental Justice Atlas and not already listed in the Carbon Underground 200. Environmental Justice Atlas is a global project which documents and catalogues social conflict around environmental issues. You can read more about our methodology and download a copy of the lis below.
|Name||Market Cap (USD$MIL) on 14/06/2021|
|Rio Tinto Ltd||139,526.85|
|Southern Copper Corp||60,309.82|
|Barrick Gold Corp||41,078.34|
|Wheaton Precious Metals||21,636.83|
|China Minmetals Corporation||16,940.00|
|First Quantum Minerals||16,034.74|
|Aluminum Corporation of China Limited||13,293.44|
|Sociedad Quimica Y Minera De Chile||12,422.63|
|Companhia Siderurgica Nacional S.A.||12,374.36|
|KGHM Polska Miedz||10,657.89|
|Kinross Gold Corp||9,782.67|
|Anglo Gold Ashanti||8,812.81|
|Ternium S.A. Ternium S.A.||7,269.28|
|First Majestic Silver Corp.||6,961.29|
|Pan American Silver||6,640.22|
|Jindal Group Ltd.||5,925.98|
|UNITED STATES STEEL CORP||5,116.00|
|Yamana Gold Inc.||4,926.00|
|SSR Mining Inc.||3,945.24|
|Alamos Gold Inc.||3,453.32|
|Turquoise Hill Resources Ltd.||3,428.30|
|Coeur Mining Inc.||2,756.22|
|Harmony Gold Mining Company Limited||2,731.74|
|Buenaventura Mining Company Inc.||2,710.04|
|Centerra Gold Inc.||2,412.12|
|MAG Silver Corp.||2,256.91|
|Eldorado Gold Corporation||2,111.00|
Targets and Methodology
The list of the top 50 Transition Mineral Miners (TMM50) details the 50 largest publicly-traded transition mineral mining companies, ranked by market capitalisation, which are implicated in an active case on Environmental Justice Atlas, and not already listed in the Carbon Underground 200 (CU200), as of June 2021. The CU200 is a list of the top 200 publicly-owned oil, gas, and coal reserve owners. Request a copy of the CU200.
This document is therefore intended as an addition to the CU200, which acts as a minimum for fossil fuel company exclusion. Please note, however, that the authors of the CU200, FFI Solutions, had no input into the production of this list, and that all queries should instead be directed to fossilfreecareers[at]peopleandplanet.org.
To merit inclusion on the TMM50, a company has to satisfy all of the following criteria:
- It must be a publicly traded company. This restriction allows for consistency with the CU200 list, ensures that a company’s operations are transparent enough that we can assess whether they mine transition minerals, and allows us to use the standard measure of Market Capitalization to rank companies by size (Read more about Market Capitalization).
- It must mine transition minerals. We define Transition Minerals to be the minerals listed as the Conflict and Transition Minerals in Annex 1 of the War on Want report ‘A Material Transition: Exploring supply and demand solutions for renewable energy minerals.' They comprise of the following: cobalt, lithium, nickel, copper, bauxite, gold, graphite, iron silver, tin, tantalum, tungsten, zinc and the 17 rare earth elements. We consider a company to be a transition mineral miner if the company, or one of its subsidiaries, owns in full or in part a mine that extracts one of the above minerals.
- It must be registered in a conflict on EJAtlas. The EJAtlas documents ongoing and historic social conflicts that arise from environmental issues. In order to ensure that this list is targeted against known perpetrators of environmental injustice, we have restricted it to only include companies which are implicated in a case on EJAtlas.
Financial data was collected from YahooFinance via the YahooFinance python API and from the YahooFinance website. Additional data was collected from the Toronto Stock Exchange website.
Information on mining operations was gathered from annual reports, corporate websites, and SEC Mine Safety Disclosures.
Information on EJAtlas cases were gathered directly from the EJAtlas website.
If you have any questions or queries, please do get in touch at: fossilfreecareers[at]peopleandplanet.org